|At A Glance
"Origin unknown. In 1871 it was included n
the list of the American Pomological Society's Catalogue under the name Summer Pippin, but since 1897 it has been listed
as Champlain. Old trees of it are frequently found in the home orchards throughout the state. It is now seldom planted.
"Tree medium to large, vigorous
with long and moderately stout branches. Form upright spreading to roundish, open. Twigs long to medium,
straight, moderately stout; internodes long. Bark dull brown tinged with olive-green, lightly streaked with
scarf-skin, heavily pubescent. Lenticels scattering, medium size, oblong, slightly raised. Buds medium
size, plump, obtuse, appressed, pubescent.
"Fruit medium to large, not very
uniform in size or shape. Form roundish, rather conical to ovate or somewhat oblong, irregularly ribbed; sides
somewhat unequal. Stem medium to long, medium to rather thick. Cavity acuminate to acute, moderately
shallow to deep, rather narrow to medium in width, sometimes furrowed and usually lightly russeted. Calyx small
to medium, closed or slightly open. Basin, shallow to medium in depth, narrow, a little abrupt, nearly smooth.
"Skin tender, greenish-yellow or
pale yellow, often with a light crimson blush. Dots numerous, small, russet or submerged.
"Calyx tube conical to funnel-form,
usually rather short but sometimes elongated. Stamens median to marginal.
"Core large, axile to somewhat
abaxile; cells open; core lines clasp the funnel cylinder. Carpels smooth, elongated ovate, not emarginate. Seeds
rather dark brown, medium size, rather narrow and short, plump, sharp pointed, almost acuminate.
"Flesh white or with slight tinge
of yellow, rather fine, very tender, juicy, sprightly, subacid, good to very good.
"Season late August till